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2014级建筑学专业本科(五年制)培养方案

 
 
一、专业名称和专业代码:
建筑学   Architecture  082801
二、学科门类: 工学
三、学制与学位: 5年(学习年限48年),授予建筑学学士学位
四、培养目标和专业特色
1. 培养目标
以“卓越建筑师人才”培养为主要目标,以企业与社会需求为导向,学生通过专业系列课程的学习,掌握建筑设计的基本原理、程序和方法、建筑历史与文化、建筑结构、建筑材料与构造、物理环境控制等专业技术理论和相关知识,培养美学修养与艺术素质,了解建筑安全性、建筑与行为、城乡规划与景观设计、经济与法规、建筑师执业等专业理论和相关知识,有能力应用建筑设计原理进行建筑方案设计,熟悉建筑技术环节,具备综合分析与组织、判断与表达能力。
毕业生主要成为在城乡建设系统中从事公共建筑设计、居住建筑设计、城市设计、历史建筑保护等方向的设计、科研、开发、管理的复合型专门人才。
2. 专业特色
以建筑设计及其理论学科为主干,兼修建筑历史与理论、城乡规划与设计、建筑技术科学、艺术学、文学等学科内容,强调“厚基础、宽口径、强能力、高素质、重实践”专业培养。围绕立足首都,面向全国,依托建筑行业,服务城乡建设办学方向,以校企合作为平台,构建校外人才培养基地,培养适应行业需求的卓越建筑学专业毕业生。
专业设计以公共建筑设计、居住建筑设计、城市设计、历史建筑保护等方向为主,兼顾绿色建筑设计与技术、虚拟仿真数字化技术应用等方向。
五、培养规格和基本要求
1.基本要求
(1)适应国家和社会经济发展和建设需要,德智体美劳全面发展;具有一定的自然科学、人文社会科学、工程技术、环境科学、法律、国防、经济、项目管理等知识。
2)了解有关科技发展的新动向,知识面较宽,富有实干精神,具备正确的文化意识。
3)具有良好的心理素质和健康的身体,了解体育运动的意义和基本知识,养成良好的体育运动习惯,达到国家大学生体质健康标准。
2.业务要求
1)理解建筑师的职业道德和社会责任,具有一定的哲学、艺术和人文素养及社会交际能力,具有环境保护和可持续发展的意识。
2)掌握本专业必需的基础科学理论、基础知识及必要的专业技能;具有较扎实的工程素质基础,具备一定的实践能力和创新能力。
3)具有较好的自主学习、合作学习、研究性学习能力;基本掌握一门外语,具有听、说、读、写的基础,能读懂本专业的外文文献。
六、主干学科  
建筑学
七、主干课程14门)
1.主干基础课程(3门)
1设计初步(系列)2建筑制图3数字化设计(系列)                         
2.主干专业课程(11门)
1建筑力学2材料与工艺学3建筑构造(系列)4建筑结构(系列)5建筑物理环境(系列)6建筑设备系统7建筑学概论8外国建筑史(系列)9中国建筑史10建筑师业务实习11毕业设计。
八、主要实践教学环节
1.主要实验课程
1)数字化设计实验(2)影像实验(3)色彩管理实验(4)模型实验(5)建筑力学实验(6)工程材料实验(7)建筑构造实验(8)建筑结构实验(9)建筑物理环境实验(10)厅堂音质实验(11)绿色建筑技术实验(12)人机工程实验(13)设计心理实验(14)设计展示实验等。
2.主要实践环节
1)课程专用周类:1)设计课专用周(系列)2)集中考试与评图专用周、3)大学英语专用周等。
2)课程实习类:1)建筑力学实习、2)美术实习、3)建筑构造实习(系列)4)建筑结构实习(系列)5)数字化设计实习、6)建筑设计实习(系列)7)建筑物理环境实习、8)建筑构造专题实习(传统建筑)9)建筑设备系统实习、10)厅堂音质设计实习、11)建筑师业务实习、12)设计创新科技活动等。
3)毕业设计类:1)毕业设计(开题)2)毕业实习、3)毕业设计、4)毕业展览、5)毕业答辩。
九、毕业合格标准
1.本专业毕业班学生在开始毕业设计(开题)”前必须修满先修课程学分。
2.本专业毕业设计实行中期检查制。中期检查(含复审)结论为不通过者,不能继续在本年级进行毕业设计,须按照弹性学制相关规定,降级重修毕业设计
3.本专业毕业要求的最低总学分数为227.5学分。其中,理论教学类最低总学分数为164.5学分,(折合最低总学时2632学时)(含校级选修课最低修读8学分)独立设置的实践教学学分数为63学分。
校级选修课最低修读8学分,具体参见《北京建筑大学本科学生学业修读管理规定》。
十、教学进程表(见附表)
十一、教学安排一览表(见附表)
十二、实践教学环节一览表(见附表)
 
十三、课程结构比例
1.课内理论教学包括:
1)通识教育35学分,百分比22.3%
2)学科基础教育37学分,百分比23.6%
3)专业教育84.5学分,百分比54%,其中专业设计52.5学分,百分比33.5%;专业技术21学分,百分比13.4%;专业史论11学分,百分比7%
    2.实践教学共计70学分(课内实验学时折合实践教学7学分),占总学分31.9%
3.必修/选修比例
必修课总学分135.5,占理论教学总学分比例为82.4%,选修课29学分,占理论教学总学分比例为17.6%
 




   2014 Undergraduate Program for Specialty in
Architecture (Five-year System)
 
1. Main basic  
ISpecialty Name and Code
Architecture    082801
IIDisciplinesEngineering
IIILength of Schooling and Degree
5 years (Allowable time: 4-8 years), Bachelor of Architecture
IVEducational Objectives and Characteristics
With the main target of "Outstanding architect training" and the orientation of the demands of the society and enterprises, through the study of professional courses, students are asked to master the basic principles, design procedures and methods of architectural design, architectural history and culture, and architectural technology knowledge such as building structure, building materials and construction, and physical environment control on one hand. on the other hand, they are cultivated to have aesthetic and artistic quality. In addition, students are also asked to understand other professional theories and relevant knowledge of the construction safety, science of behavior, urban and rural planning and landscape design, economy and laws, and registered architects’ bussiness. Students are able to have ability of comprehensive analysis and organization, ability of judgment and expression, and even ability.to apply design principles to architectural design with good control of architectural technology.
Graduates mainly serve for urban and rural construction, engaging in such work as design, research, project development and administration in field of public building design, residential building design, urban design and protection of historical buildings and the like.
2. Specialty characteristics
On the basis of the professional educational principle of "thick and solid foundation, wide channel, strong ability, high quality, more attention to the practice", the discipline of Architectural Design and Theory is the backbone, accompanied by such other disciplines as Architectural History and Theory, Urban and Rural Planning and Design, Architectural Technology and Science, Art and Literature. 
Around the running concept of our university, "based in Beijing, facing the whole country, relying on the construction industry, and serving for urban and rural construction", the specialty makes full use of the enterprise cooperation as a platform, building up the after-school talent training base, thus devoting itself to cultivate outstanding graduates in architecture, who adapt and meet the industry demands.
The main professional design focuses on such topics as the public building, the residential building, urban design, and the protection of historical buildings, accompanied by the green building design and technology, digital technology virtual simulation of as the main features.
VSkills Profile and Requirements
1. Basic requirements
(1) Students have ability to adapt to the demands of economic development and construction of the country and the society, to have integrated all-round development of Moral education, intellectual education, sports, aesthetic education and labor education, and also to have certain knowledge of natural science, humanitic and social science, engineering technology, environmental science, law, national defense, economy, and project management.
(2) Students know the new trends in the development of science and technology, having broad knowledge, full of the spirit of hard work, and have better cultural consciousness.
(3) Students have good psychological quality and good health, understanding the significance and basic knowledge about sports, having the good habit of physical exercise, and get up to the National Physical Health Standard of College Students.
2. Business requirements
(1) Students can understand professional ethics and social responsibility of Architects, has certain understandingof philosophy, arts and Humanities, and social communication ability, and has the environmental protection and sustainable development consciousness.
(2) Students can master the necessary basic theory, basic knowledge and the necessary professional skills during the study of architecture; and also have the good ability of practice and innovation.
(3) Students have good ability of the independent learning, cooperative learning, and research learning, basically mastering a foreign language with the average level of listening, speaking, reading and writing, and also read professional literature in the foreign language.
VIMajor Disciplines: Architecture
VIIMajor Courses
1. Main basic courses
1Design Basics (series)2Architectural Drawing3Digital Design (series)
2. Main professional courses
(1)Architectural Mechanics (2) Materials and Technology (3)Building Construction (series) (4) Building Structure (series) (5) Architectural Physical Environment (series) (6) Building Equipment System (7) Introduction of Architecture (8) Foreign Architectural History (series) (9)Chinese Architectural History (10) Architects’ Business Practice (11) Diploma DesignVIIIMajor Practical Training
1. Main experimental curriculum
(1)Digital Design (2) Imaging (3) Color Management (4) Model Making (5) Architectural Mechanics (6) Engineering Materials (7) Building Construction (8) Building Structure (9) Architectural Physical Environment (10) Acoustic Design of Auditorium (11) Green Building and Technology (12) Ergonomics (13) Design Psychology (14) Design Display.
2. Main practice weeks
(1) Special week: 1) Design Studio (series) 2) the examination and design review 3) College English
(2Practice week for courses:1)Architectural Mechanics 2) Fine Art 3) Building Construction (series) 4) Building Structure (series) 5)Digital Design 6) Architectural Design (series) 7) Building Physical Environmental 8) Special Topic for Building Construction (traditional architecture) 9) Building Equipment Systems 10) Acoustic Design of Auditorium 11)Architect Business Practice 12) Technological Activity for Design Innovation..
(3) Diploma Design: 1) Announcement for design project 2) Graduation practice3) Graduation design 4) Graduation exhibition 5) Design defence
IXGraduation Requirements
1. Students must get credits of prerequisite courses before they start the diploma design.
2. Students must finish the mid-term inspection and examination of the diploma design.
   Students who get “not pass” in the mid-term examination (including recheck) will have to stop the ongoing diploma design, and then are given the chance to apply for the next diploma design according to the relevant regulations of “flexible educational system (4-8 years)”.
3. Students need get 227.5 credits (the minimum of total credits) during their 5-year study,
   including of 164.5 credits (the minimum credits of theoretical courses) and63 credits ( the minimum credits of practical courses)
XTable of Teaching Program
XITable of Teaching Arrangement
XIITable of Practice Teaching Arrangement
XIIIProportion of Course
1.Theory Teaching
(1) Courses in General Education: 35 credits, 22.3% (credits of general courses divided by total credits of the theoretical curriculum)
(2) Courses in Basic Specialty Education: 37 credits,23.6%;
(3) Courses in Specialty Education84.5 credits, 54%, including 52.5 credits, 33.5% for professional design;21 credits, 13.4% for professional technology; and 11 credits,7% for professional history and theory.
2.Practice Teaching70credits, 31.9%
3. Required Course/Electives
Total credits of compulsory courses: 135.5, 82.4%Total credits of elective courses: 29credits, 17.6%